Monday, November 11, 2019

Where is your kidney, Disease, Stone, Infection, Dialysis

Where is your kidney

Where is your kidney, There are usually two kidneys in the body of both men and women. The kidney is safely located inside the abdomen, in the back, on both sides of the spinal cord (in the back), the ribs of the chest. Usually, it is not felt when you touch from outside. Kidneys are a pair of organs of kidney beans. In adults human, a kidney is about 10 cm long, 6 cm wide and 4 cm thick. Each kidney weighs about 150 - 170 grams. The tube that carries urine made by the kidneys to the bladder is called the ureter. It is generally 25 cm in length and is made up of a special type of flexible muscle. The bladder is a muscle sac located in the front of the lower abdomen (in the pelvis), in which urine is stored.

The structure, location, and functioning of the kidney are the same in both men and women. An adult person's bladder may collect 400 - 500 mL of urine. A person has a strong urge to pass urine when urine is filled near the bladder's capacity. Urination comes out of the body through the ureter. In women, the urethra is shorter than in men, while in men the passage is longer. Kidney (kidney) is an important part of the human body. Kidney failure can also lead to some serious illness or death. It is reasonable to compare this with a supercomputer because the structure of the kidney is very strange and its functions are very complex. They have two main functions - to remove harmful waste products and toxic wastes from the body and water, fluids, minerals (electrolytes) in the body. In the form of sodium, potassium, etc.).

Kidney function

Purification of blood

The kidney is continuously employed and excretes unnecessary toxic substances formed in the body through urine.

Discharge of waste products

The most important function of the kidney is to purify the blood by removing waste products. The food we take contains protein. This protein is necessary for keeping the body healthy and for the development of the body. Protein is used by the body but in this process, some waste material is produced. The accumulation of these waste materials is similar to maintaining poison inside our bodies. Our kidneys filter and purify toxic waste products from the blood. These toxins eventually dissolve by urination.

Creatinine and urea are two important waste products. Observation of their volume in blood indicates kidney function. When both kidneys are impaired, the amount of creatinine and urea are elevated to a higher level in the blood test.

Balance of water in the body

The kidney excretes excess accumulated water through urine, keeping the amount of water required for the body. When the kidneys go bad, they lose the ability to exclude this excess water from the body, causing the body to swell due to the accumulation of excess water.

Balance of acids and bases

Kidney works by keeping the amount of sodium, potassium, chloride, magnesium, phosphorus, bicarbonate, etc. in the body unchanged. The above substances are responsible for the amount of acid and alkali in the body. Increasing or decreasing the amount of sodium can have serious effects on the brain and heart and muscle activity by increasing or decreasing the amount of potassium. Keeping calcium and phosphorus appropriate and keeping their levels normal is essential for healthy bones and healthy teeth in our body.

Blood pressure control

Kidney makes many hormones like angiotensin, aldosterone, prostaglandin, etc. With the help of these hormones, the body maintains a balance of water, acids, and alkalis. With the help of this balance, the kidneys work to keep the blood pressure normal in the body. In the case of kidney failure, the production of hormones and disturbances in salt and water balance leads to high blood pressure.

Assist in the production of blood particles
Red blood vessels present in the blood are produced in the bone marrow with the help of erythropoietin. Erythropoietin is formed in the kidney, in the event of kidney failure, this substance stops producing little or no at all, which reduces the production of red blood cells and causes blood fade, which is called anemia (anemia). It is said.

Strengthening bones

In order to maintain healthy bones, the kidney converts vitamin D into an active form which is required for the absorption of calcium from food, growth of bones and teeth and to keep bones strong and healthy.

What are the symptoms of kidney disease?

Signs of kidney disease, the kidney is the part of our body that works to get the dirt out. Both the kidneys have millions of small filters called nephrons. Nephrons work to clean our blood. If there is any problem in the kidneys than toxins are not released from the body due to which many diseases can be caused. And a person has to face many problems. Symptoms of kidney disease are usually related to non-specific symptoms and lifestyle, due to which people do not go unnoticed. Its symptoms appear when the disease takes serious form. The diagnosis is delayed as the symptoms are not identified. Therefore, to deal with this problem on time, a person should know about his health. Adequate time should be given to fight the problem and corrective steps should be taken for timely investigation.

Let us tell you which are the symptoms that are taken care of at the right time, then the kidney can be prevented from getting spoiled.

Loss of appetite and weight loss

The most common symptom of kidney disease is loss of appetite and frequent weight loss. The body needs nutrition and energy to function and it is obtained from the food itself. But due to kidney disease, hunger seems so low that a person is not able to meet the nutritional and energy requirements to fulfill his daily needs.

Urine bleeding

Healthy kidneys usually store blood cells in the body when filtering waste materials from the blood to make urine, but when kidney filters are damaged, these blood cells can begin to "leak" into the urine. In addition to signs of kidney disease, blood in the urine may be a sign of a tumor, kidney stones, or infection.

Frequent urination

In the case of kidney disease, the quantity and frequency of your urine may change. Urine may increase significantly, especially at night. You may also have more or less urine with yellow color if you have urinary problems. Apart from this, difficulty in urinating or this problem can also occur continuously.

Feeling the need to urinate more often

If you feel the need to urinate more often, especially at night, it can be a sign of kidney disease. When kidney filters are damaged, it can cause an increase in urination. Sometimes it can also be a sign of a urinary infection or enlarged prostate in men.

Skin roughness and itching
Sudden skin rash, fibrosis, strange feeling, and very itchy feeling can result in the accumulation of body dirt. The amount of calcium and phosphorus in the body is affected due to the ineffectiveness of the kidneys, which causes sudden itching. And healthy skin becomes rough and itchy.

Nausea and dizziness

In kidney disease, nausea and vomiting also arise due to the manufacture of waste products in the body. Anemia caused by kidney disease reduces the oxygen in your brain, which can cause problems such as dizziness and a lack of concentration.

Breathing difficulty

Due to kidney failure, the contaminated water of the body is not able to come out completely and it starts filling in the lungs, which causes the lungs to work extra hard and have trouble breathing.

Body swelling

When there is a problem in the functioning of the kidneys, the dirt, and fluids that do not come out of the body cause problems. Which causes swelling in the body. This swelling can occur under the hands, feet, joints, face, and eyes. If you press your skin with your finger and the dimples persist for a while, do not delay in going to the doctor.

Swelling of the hands and feet of the body can happen due to any reason, but it can also happen due to kidney failure. Many harmful substances start accumulating in the body due to kidney failure, which causes swelling of hands and feet and thickens the color of urine.

Back pain

Severe pain is a common problem of people suffering from kidney stones, especially in the waist and lower back. The pain may go from the lower abdomen to the middle part of the stomach and femur.

Cause of kidney failure
Kidney failure causes, Kidney disease is mainly caused by drinking less water and high blood pressure. But apart from these, there are some main reasons.

High blood pressure

High blood pressure is also one of the main causes of kidney disease. Because it can increase the pressure on the small blood vessels of the kidneys. It is the blood vessels where the blood is cleaned. The increased pressure damages these blood vessels and disrupts the functioning of the kidneys and over time their ability to cleanse the blood begins to decrease.

Lack of water

There is a lack of water in the body by not drinking enough water. Due to the lack of water in the body, the kidneys do not get enough water to clean the waste from the blood. Due to which the kidneys are not able to clean the dirt from the blood properly, and this dirt comes together and takes the form of a solid called stone.

Cold food intake

Kidneys are spoiled due to the consumption of cold foods and cold water, cold drinks. For this reason, drinking freeze water is harmful to health. The cold water of the fridge takes more than 4 hours for digestion while the hot water gets digested in about 45 minutes. That's why drinking hot lukewarm water is good for health.

Intake of supernatural substances

Consuming excess citrus, consuming very spicy foods, consuming sesame oil, consuming Urad Dal in excess, is also a blood spoiler.

Suffer from diabetes

A person with diabetes has a higher risk of kidney disease than a normal person.

Drug abuse

Consumption of intoxicants also affects the kidneys, causing the possibility of damaging the kidneys. Excessive drug intake can also weaken your kidney. Which increases the chances of getting kidney disease.


If the weight of a person is much higher than the normal weight, then there is a risk of kidney disease.

Abnormal blood flow

Abnormal blood flow may also be a cause of kidney disease.

Heart attack

A heart attack is the main cause of kidney disease and kidney failure.

Smoking also increases the risk of kidney disease.

Rheumatic fever

Rheumatic fever stays in the body for a long time, causing kidney disease in the nuisance form.

Few other things

Water on top of yogurt, dietary intake, intake of rotten odor, sleeping in heavy foods during the day, tempering, moving more in the sun, working near the fire, stopping the velocities of vomiting, etc. especially antacids The basic blood of the body deteriorates due to food, injury, physical and mental anguish, lack of previously consumed food, and then eating again.

Kidney disease prevention

  • Control of diabetes.
  • Eat fresh fruits and green vegetables.
  • Stop smoking.
  • Drink enough water
  • Reduce alcohol consumption
  • Eat a healthy and low-fat diet.
  • Be physically active.
  • Control weight.
  • Get the necessary investigation done.
  • See a doctor and get advice.

Prevention for kidney disease

Apple vinegar

It is used for many physical requirements. Apart from this, it also proves to be very effective for kidney problems. The anti-bacterial elements present in it protect the body from bacterial infections including the kidney. The use of apple cider vinegar gradually removes the stone present in the kidney. It contains diuretic elements that remove waste from the kidneys and keep the kidneys healthy.


Kidneys can be made healthy and strong by taking some types of vitamins. Although vitamins are beneficial for the whole body, certain types of vitamins are used to keep the kidney healthy. Symptoms of kidney diseases can be reduced by taking vitamin D. If you take vitamin B6 every day, you can avoid kidney stones problem or if you are suffering from this problem then you can take this vitamin without any fear. The problem of stones will disappear on its own in a few days. In addition, the intake of vitamin C can prevent kidney damage.

Baking soda

According to British researchers, sodium bicarbonate intake is beneficial to avoid kidney diseases. With its use, the speed of kidney diseases can be reduced. Baking soda helps eliminate acidity in the blood, which is one of the main causes of kidney problems.

Take less salt

People suffering from kidney problems should pay special attention to their diet. The amount of salt and protein in food should be kept low, which causes less pressure on the kidneys. In addition, a person should also stay away from a diet containing phosphorus and potassium.

Vegetable juice

Carrot, cucumber, cabbage and gourd juice should be drunk in case of kidney problems. It helps in recovering from kidney diseases and keeps the kidneys healthy. Apart from this, watermelon and potato juice are also the right to cure kidney disease, so the patient should take its juice in the morning.

Dry water

A person should keep some dried grapes in the water at night and soak them in water in the morning, take the raisins out of the water and drink this water. Kidney disease is cured soon by doing so continuously for a few days.

Drink more water

To avoid kidney diseases, drink water after a while. This will remove the waste material present in the kidney through urine and you will be saved from kidney diseases. If you wish, you can also drink lemon juice in water, because the body will get both vitamin C and water simultaneously.

Tests for kidney function

There are many tests that your doctor can use to treat kidney failure.

Urine analysis

Your doctor may take a urine sample to test for any defect, including abnormal protein or sugar that is added to the urine. They can also do a urine sediment examination. This test measures the amount of red and white blood cells that look for high levels of bacteria and discovers high numbers of tube-sized particles, called cellular cells.

Blood test creatinine
Your doctor may order blood tests to measure substances filtered by your kidneys, such as blood urea nitrogen (BUN) (blood urea nitrogen (BUN)) and creatinine (CR). Rapid increases in these levels may indicate acute renal failure.


Tests such as ultrasound, MRI and CT scans provide images of the kidney as well as the urinary tract. This allows your doctor to see obstructions or abnormalities in your kidneys.

What to eat in kidney disease


It should be consumed in kidney disease. It contains Vitamin A, Vitamin B, Vitamin K, and Vitamin Folate.


Blueberries are rich in nutrients and one of the best sources of antioxidants. Blueberries contain a small amount of sodium, phosphorus, and potassium, so it is a very good diet for the kidneys.

Red grapes

Grapes contain antioxidants called flavonoids, which reduce inflammation. Therefore, red grapes should be consumed. Plenty of vitamin C is found in it.


Pineapple is a sweet and low potassium fruit for people with kidney problems. In addition, pineapple is rich in fiber, B vitamins, manganese, and Bromelain. Bromelain is an enzyme that helps reduce inflammation and is used as a medicine.

Take care of these things in kidney disease


Reduce protein intake. Excess protein can increase disease. Since protein is essential for cells and physical activity. In kidney disease, 0.5–0.8 mg/kg of protein can be taken daily.


One teaspoon of salt is enough for the day. Processed food, junk food, etc. contain high amounts of sodium. They should be avoided. Two grams of salt contain 400 mg of sodium.


In kidney diseases, the amount of potassium starts increasing, which is dangerous. The amount of potassium in the food should be reduced.


A high amount of phosphorus can be responsible for kidney failure as well as bone disease or heart disease. Its quantity should also be balanced.


Do not consume alcohol in excess, this is the main reason for kidney failure.

Kidney infection

A kidney, which is a very important part of our body, helps in more than 500 activities in our body. Infections occur in the kidneys due to excessive intake of salt, unnecessary medicines or lack of water. The kidneys filter our blood. In such a situation, if the inflammation in its clusters or infection occurs, then a lot of kidney functions are affected. Blood pressure and diabetes patients are at greater risk of kidney infection. Kidney infection can also cause back pain.

Waist and back pain is a common problem, which may cause a kidney infection due to muscle strain and prolonged standing. Usually, people get relief by using pain reliever balm, oil or medicines when they have a backache.

At times, you may also have complaints of backache due to many problems occurring in the kidneys. If you often have back pain, it is possible that it may be due to infection in the kidney.

Usually, drinking less water, increased uric acid in the body, high intake of iron-rich foods or high intake of vegetables like tomatoes, Brinjals, etc. increases the risk of kidney stones.

In this disease, uric acid or calcium and other particles present in the body gather together to form a solid shape, which starts obstructing the body's activities and the pain starts. And because of this, pain starts in the kidneys.

What causes kidney stones?

Your kidneys extract waste and fluids from your blood to make urine. Sometimes, when you have too much waste material and there is not enough liquid in your blood, these wastes can form and stick together in your kidneys. These clumps of waste are called kidney stones. There is no reason to have a kidney stone, it depends on many reasons. If you talk about the reasons for kidney stones, one of them is the wrong eating habits, which causes you to suffer from many more diseases. You consume some things daily, which increases the risk of kidney stones.

Dehydration is caused by drinking less water. When the kidneys cannot get enough water to filter the dirt from the blood or for some the reason it cannot filter the dirt from the blood, then the dirt starts clinging in the kidneys and this is where the dirt comes together to form a solid, Which is called stone in common language.

What to do- To avoid this, you have to drink a sufficient amount of water.


If you eat a harmful and high-salt diet, it can harm your kidney.

What to do- Make a diet chart by showing your doctor and follow that diet chart properly.


Too much weight can also be harmful to you.

What to do- To reduce obesity, you can take physical exercise and a good diet.

Kidney disease

If you have any kidney disease or you have had kidney stones before, you are more likely to get stones.

What to do- If you have been suffering from kidney stones or disease once, then before taking any diet in your diet or before doing any physical exercise, please consult a doctor.

Junk food

Excessive intake of junk food causes your kidneys to filter out excess waste, which causes an extra burden on the kidneys.

What to do- Take as little junk food as possible?

What is kidney dialysis?

Let us first know what kidney dialysis is. Kidney dialysis is a life-saving treatment that filters hazardous waste, salt and excess fluid from your blood using a unique machine. This brings the blood back to a regular, healthy balance. Dialysis alters several important kidney functions. Dialysis prevents waste products in the blood from reaching dangerous levels.

Why does kidney dialysis have to be done?
Kidney dialysis is needed when 70 to 80 percent of the kidney is spoiled by the medicine, it is difficult to show its effect and then doctors recommend kidney dialysis only. Urination helps to dissolve out the wrong substances in our bodies. When the kidney's performance is affected, small amounts of urine are produced, due to which dirt starts accumulating in the body and the kidneys are affected. Due to this, there are problems with tiredness, vomiting, dizziness, and difficulty in mother-in-law. Kidney dialysis is also called hemodialysis. There are 2 kidneys in our body when hemodialysis is needed when one kidney makes it difficult to function fully.

Types of dialysis
Dialysis is divided into 2 categories according to the type and severity of the problem.

Hemodialysis - This is a process. In this process, 250 to 300 ml of blood is purified at a time by a special type of machine from the body and then it is put back into the body.

Peritoneal Dialysis - This is a slightly complicated procedure in which a tube is placed through the operation below the patient's navel. Through this tube, a type of liquid is injected into the stomach. The membrane inside the stomach acts as a dialyzer.

By dialysis, all the body poison stalled urine comes out. But this process is very expensive, painful. In the process, all the nutrients are released from the body. This process needs to be repeated 2–3 days a week depending on the condition of the patient. The patient gets some rest, but the body, body structure, bone goes on becoming very weak. If this dialysis has to be done for more days, then the patient's body goes on becoming very weak. To avoid this problem, the patient has to change the kidney. The operation of the kidney is not easy, it is very difficult to get a kidney, it is expensive too. After this operation, it is a very challenging task to save it and keep life alive for more days. The patient has to save his life and avoid it completely.

How can I clear the dirt accumulated in the kidneys?

Just as we clean the water filter in our house, similarly we should also clean our kidneys daily. By doing this, the dirt of our body gets out. As you all know the kidney is the main part of our body. It cleanses the dirt by filtering salt from our blood and harmful bacteria from the body. When there is an excessive accumulation of salt in the kidney, then treatment is needed. Actually, toxins accumulate in the kidneys. This can cause a stone-like illness. This is the reason why the periodic cleaning of the kidney becomes very important so that our health remains good.

Kidney Cleansing Tips:


Yogurt contains probiotic bacteria. It improves digestion. The probiotic bacteria found in yogurt not only clean the kidneys but also make the good bacteria in the immune system strong.

Red grapes

Red grapes are a good remedy for kidney cleansing. Vitamin C is found in it. Vitamin A and Vitamin B6 are also found in red grapes. Eating red grapes full of potassium, calcium, folate, and iron does not cause stomach problems, fatigue, and constipation. It keeps out all the toxic elements of the kidney and keeps it healthy.

Folic acid, vitamin A, vitamin B6, vitamin C are found in paprika. Potassium is low in it. Therefore, capsicum is considered very useful for keeping the kidney clean.

Lemon juice in kidney stone

Lemon contains vitamin C. This helps in removing toxins from the body. Explain that by squeezing lemon juice in a glass of water every day, you can cleanse the kidneys. It also benefits kidney-related diseases.


Ginger is very useful for kidney cleansing. Because ginger contains many nutrients including chlorine, iodine, vitamins, and calcium, which flush out toxins from the kidneys. Using ginger can help you avoid kidney problems.


The intake of parsley helps in excluding excess substances in the body and helps in kidney function. This prevents the waste from accumulating in the kidneys. Urine is made more by the root of parsley, which frees out waste things. It is known as a kidney activating tonic.


Turmeric contains an ingredient called Curcumin. It stops the growth and expansion of all kinds of microbes and keeps the kidneys healthy. Curcumin present in turmeric has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory properties. Also, turmeric is considered effective in curing kidney diseases.


Garlic contains allicin, which keeps bacterial infections and inflammation in the body low and is very effective in keeping the kidney clean.

Grape juice

It helps to flush out the toxins from the body and keeps the kidneys well. Soaking raisins at night and drinking its water in the morning for a few days regularly also provides benefits in kidney diseases.

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